Advisory Board Chair
Michael M. Gunter is a professor of political science at Tennessee Technological University in Cookeville, Tennessee where he teaches courses on international relations, international organizations, international law, American foreign policy, European politics, and American politics, among others. He is one of only two others who have won the two most prestigious faculty awards at his university: The Outstanding Faculty Award in Teaching and the Outstanding Faculty Award in Research (The Caplenor Award). He also is the Secretary-General of the EU Turkey Civic Commission (EUTCC) headquartered in Brussels.
In the past he taught courses on international and comparative politics for many years during the summer at the International University in Vienna, as well as courses on Kurdish and Middle Eastern politics, among others, for the U.S. Government Areas Studies Program and U.S. Department of State Foreign Service Institute in Washington, D.C. He is the author of 11 critically praised scholarly books on the Kurdish question and co-editor (with Mohammed M. A. Ahmed) of three more books on the Kurds, among others. He has also published numerous scholarly articles on the Kurds and many other issues in such leading scholarly periodicals as the Middle East Journal, Middle East Policy, Middle East Quarterly, Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, Orient, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, Maghreb Review, American Journal of International Law, International Organization, World Affairs, Journal of International Affairs (Columbia University), Brown Journal of World Affairs, Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Current History, Third World Quarterly, International Journal of Turkish Studies, Insight Turkey, Turkish Studies, Terrorism: An International Journal, and Arms Control, among numerous others.
He was a former Senior Fulbright Lecturer in International Relations in Turkey and also has held Fulbright awards for China and Israel. He has been interviewed about the Kurdish question on numerous occasions by the international and national press. His most recent book is Out of Nowhere: The Kurds of Syria in Peace and War, London: Hurst Publications, 2014.
Parag Khanna is a leading global strategist, world traveler, and best-selling author. He is a Managing Partner of Hybrid Reality, a geostrategic advisory firm, and CEO of Factotum, a boutique content strategy agency. He is a Senior Fellow at the New America Foundation, Adjunct Professor in the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore, and Senior Fellow at the Singapore Institute of International Affairs. He is co-author of Hybrid Reality: Thriving in the Emerging Human-Technology Civilization (2012) and author of How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance (2011) and The Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order (2008). In 2008, Parag was named one of Esquire’s “75 Most Influential People of the 21st Century,” and featured in WIRED magazine’s “Smart List.”
Parag lectures frequently at international conferences and gives executive briefings to government leaders and major corporations on global trends, systemic risks, future scenarios, economic master planning, emerging market strategies, and technological disruptions. He has been an adviser to the U.S. National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends 2030 program. Previously, he served in the foreign policy advisory group to the Barack Obama for President campaign. During 2007 he served in Iraq and Afghanistan as a senior geopolitical adviser to United States Special Operations Forces. From 2002-5, he was the Global Governance Fellow at the Brookings Institution; from 2000-2002 he worked at the World Economic Forum in Geneva; and from 1999-2000, he was a Research Associate at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York.
A widely cited global intellectual, Dr. Khanna appears frequently in media around the world. He is a contributing columnist on CNN.com, contributing editor to WorldPost, regular guest host of CNBC. His 2008 cover story for the New York Times Magazine titled “Waving Goodbye to Hegemony,” is one of the most globally debated and influential essays since the end of the Cold War. His essays and articles have appeared in major international newspapers and journals such as the Wall Street Journal, International Herald Tribune, Washington Post, Financial Times, TIME, Forbes, The Atlantic, Quartz, Foreign Policy, Newsweek, Harper’s, BusinessWeek, Harvard Business Review, The Guardian, The National Interest, McKinsey Quarterly, Prospect, Esquire, Slate.com, Die Zeit, and Strategy+Business. He has been featured on CNN, BBC, PBS, Al Jazeera, CCTV, Russia Today, National Public Radio (NPR), and other media all over the world. He was the first video-blogger of ForeignPolicy.com and from 2010-12 co-authored the Hybrid Reality blog on BigThink. From 2008-9, Parag was the host of “InnerView” on MTV. He spoke on “Invisible Maps” at TED Global 2009 and was a guest host of TED Global 2012.
Dr. Khanna holds a PhD from the London School of Economics, and Bachelors and Masters degrees from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. He has been a Visiting Fellow at LSE IDEAS (2011-13), Senior Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations (2011-13), Distinguished Visitor at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, Distinguished Visitor at the American Academy in Berlin (2008), Next Generation Fellow of the American Assembly (2007-8), Visiting Fellow at the Lee Kwan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore (2006), Non-Resident Associate of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at Georgetown University (2004-5), and a Visiting Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi (2004). He has received grants from the United Nations Foundation, Smith Richardson Foundation, and Ford Foundation. He currently serves on the executive boards of Independent Diplomat and the Micro Equity Development Fund, board of trustees of the New Cities Foundation, Innovation Advisory Board of DBS, advisory board of the World Economic Forum’s Future of Urban Development Initiative, and editorial board of Global Policy.
Born in India, Parag grew up in the United Arab Emirates, New York, and Germany. He is an accomplished adventurer who has traveled in more than 100 countries on all continents. Some of his lengthy journeys include driving from the Baltic Sea through the Balkans and across Turkey and the Caucasus to the Caspian Sea, across the rugged terrain of Tibet and Xinjiang provinces in western China, and eight thousand miles from London to Ulaanbaatar in the Mongolia Charity Rally. He has climbed numerous 20,000-foot plus peaks, and trekked in the Alps, Himalayas, and Tien Shan mountain ranges. Parag is also a competitive tennis player.
In 2009, Parag was honored as a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum and currently serves on the WEF’s Global Agenda Council on Geo-economics. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, International Institute for Strategic Studies, and a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. In 2002 he was awarded the OECD Future Leaders Prize. He speaks German, Hindi, French, Spanish, and basic Arabic.
F. Stephen Larrabee is the RAND Corporation's distinguished chair emeritus in European Security.
Before joining RAND, Larrabee served as vice president and director of studies of the Institute of East–West Security Studies in New York from 1983 to 1989. He was a distinguished Scholar in Residence at the Institute from 1989 to 1990. From 1978 to 1981, Larrabee served on the U.S. National Security Council staff in the White House as a specialist on Soviet–East European affairs and East-West political-military relations.
Larrabee's recent RAND monographs include Troubled Partnership: U.S.-Turkish Relations in an Era of Global Geopolitical Change (2010); Turkey as a U.S. Security Partner (2008); The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey (with Angel Rabasa, 2008); and Encouraging Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in Ukraine (with Keith Crane, 2007).
His recent articles include “Arming Europe,” in The National Interest (with Seth G. Jones, Winter 2005–2006); and “ESDP and NATO: Assuring Complementarity,” in The International Spectator (January–March 2004).
In addition, he is the coauthor (with Julian Lindley-French) of Revitalizing the Transatlantic Security Partnership: An Agenda for Action (RAND/Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2008); the editor of The Volatile Powder Keg: Balkan Security After the Cold War (American University Press, 1994); and coeditor (with Robert Blackwill) of Conventional Arms Control and East-West Security (Duke University Press, 1989).
Larrabee has taught at Columbia, Cornell, New York, Johns Hopkins, Georgetown, and The George Washington universities, and at the University of Southern California.
Larrabee received his Ph.D. in political science from Columbia University.
Robert Olson is Professor Emeritus of Middle East History and Politics at the University of Kentucky. He is the author of The Siege of Mosul and Ottoman-Persian Relations, 1718-1743: A Study of Rebellion in the Capital and War in the Provinces of the Ottoman Empire (1975), translated into Arabic (1983); The Ba'th and Syria, 1947-1979: An Interpretative Historical Essay (1980); The Ba‘th and Syria from the French Mandate to the Era of Hafez at-Asad, 1947-1982 (1982); The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion: 1880-1925 (1989); translated into Turkish (1989); translated into Persian (1999); translated into Kurdish (2000); translated into Arabic (2008); ); (paperback) The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism (1991); Imperial Meanderings and Republican By-Ways: Essays on Eighteenth Century Ottoman and Twentieth Century History of Turkey (1996); The Kurdish Question and Turkish-Iranian Relations: From World War I to 1998 (1998); revised and translated into Arabic under the title The Kurdish Question and Turkish-Iranian Relations: From World War I to 2000 (2001); translated into Persian (2002) with the title Masale Kurd va Revabet-e Iran va Turkiye/The Kurdish Question in Turkish-Iranian Relations in the Twentieth Century; Turkey’s Relations with Iran, Syria, Israel and Russia, 1991-2000: The Kurdish and Islamist Questions (2001); translated into Turkish (2005); translated (online) into French (2005); translated into Persian (2011); Turkey’s Relations with Iran, 1979-2004: War, Revolution, Ideology, War, Coups and Geopolitics (2004); translated into Turkish, 2005). The Goat and the Butcher: Nationalism and State Formation in Kurdistan-Iraq since the Iraqi War (2005); translated into Turkish, 2008; Blood, Beliefs and Ballots: The Management of Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey, 2007-2009 (2009); translated into Kurdish (2010); translated into Persian (2011); The Kurdish Nationalist Movements in Turkey, 1980-2011: Oppression, Resistance, War, Education in the Mother Tongue and Relations with the Kurdistan Regional Government (2011); translated into Persian (2013). Editor: Islamic and Middle Eastern Societies: A Festschrift in Honor of Wadie Jwaideh (1987); The Kurdish Movement in Turkey in the 1990s: Its Impact on Turkey and the Middle East (1996); Co-editor: Orientalism, Islam and Islamists (1985), translated into Turkish (1992), and Iran: Essays on a Revolution in the Making (1981). Professor Olson is the author of some 75 research articles, 90 essays and reference works and 250 book reviews. He received the Best Book Award from the Third World Studies Association in 1999-2000. Olson was University Research Professor, 1991-1992; Distinguished Professor the College of Arts and Sciences, 1999-2000; Albert B. and Elizabeth H. Kirwan Memorial University Professor, 2000-2001.
Robert Olson and his colleague Professor Michael Gunter are considered to be the principal contributors to the establishment of Kurdish Studies in the United States. Together they have published 24 books, edited 9, and published 265 referred and editor approved articles, 100 essays and 400 book reviews. Of this number Olson has written 9 books, of which 7 have been translated 15 times: 6 into Turkish, 3 Arabic, 2 Persian, 2 Kurdish and 2 French. He has published 115 articles, 60 essays and 250 book reviews. He has also written over 100 hundred opinions pieces in the Today’s Zaman, an English language newspaper published in Turkey and distributed in Europe and the Middle East. His The Kurdish Nationalist Movement in the 1990s: Its Impact on Turkey and the Middle East with a new introduction has just been reissued; The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion, 1990-1925 (University of Texas Press) is currently being translated into Arabic in Erbil, Iraq-Kurdistan. It has already been translated into Turkish, Kurdish and Persian.
In 2013 he delivered papers on the situation of the Kurds in Turkey at Columbia University on 6 May (New York); Rand Corporation and CIA on 28 June (Washington, DC); Middle East Studies Association on 14 October (New Orleans) and Beirut, Lebanon, 27-30, November, 2013.
S. Frederick Starr is the founding Chairman of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Program, a joint transatlantic research center affiliated with the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University in Washington (where he is a Research Professor) and the Institute for Security and Development Policy in Stockholm. His research on the countries of Greater Central Asia, their history, development, internal dynamics, as well as on US policy towards the region has resulted in twenty-two books and 200 published articles. He has also written extensively on Russian History and current affairs. His most recent books are “The Ferghana Valley: The Heart of Central Asia”, and “Lost Enlightenment: Central Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane. An essay on this theme, “Rediscovering Central Asia” (Wilson Quarterly, Summer 2009) was included in Christopher Hitchin’s “Ten Best Essays of the Year” and won the New York Times columnist David Brooks’ “Sidney Award” for 2009.
Dr. Starr is a frequent commentator on the affairs of the region, and the author of numerous articles in journals including Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The National Review, Far East Economic Review, and op-eds in various leading American and international newspapers including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, International Herald Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, Los Angeles Times. During the past decade he has returned repeatedly to the challenge of reopening continental-wide transport passing through Central Asia and Afghanistan, which he sees as a key to success in Afghanistan itself. This issue was the subject of a series of articles between 2000 and of a book “The New Silk Roads”, published in 2007. For writings that have had a direct impact on policy see “The Key to Success in Afghanistan” [with A. Kuchins et al] “Afghanistan Beyond the Fog of Nation Building: Giving Economic Strategy a Chance”, and with Adib Farhadi, “Finish the Job: Jump-Start Afghanistan’s Economy” published in 2011.
Dr. Starr was the founding Chairman of the Kennan Institute in Washington, and served as Vice President of Tulane University and President of the Aspen Institute and of Oberlin College (1983-94). He was closely involved in planning the University of Central Asia and the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy and is a trustee of the Nazarbayev University in Kazakhstan. He earned his Ph.D. in History at Princeton, MA at King’s College, Cambridge, and his BA at Yale, and holds four honorary degrees. Dr. Starr is also a founding member of the Louisiana Repertory Jazz Ensemble of New Orleans and founded the Greater New Orleans Foundation, the single largest non-governmental sponsor of post-Katrina recovery in that city. He has written six books on New Orleans including “New Orleans Unmasqued”, “Southern Comfort”, “Inventing New Orleans: The Writings of Lafcadio Hearn”, “The Life and Times of Louis Moreau Gottschalk, and Une Belle Maison: The Lombard Plantation House in New Orleans’s Bywater”.
Dmitri Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.
He retired from the Russian Army in 1993. From 1993–1997, Trenin held a post as a senior research fellow at the Institute of Europe in Moscow. In 1993, he was a senior research fellow at the NATO Defense College in Rome.
He served in the Soviet and Russian armed forces from 1972 to 1993, including experience working as a liaison officer in the external relations branch of the Group of Soviet Forces (stationed in Potsdam) and as a staff member of the delegation to the U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms talks in Geneva from 1985 to 1991. He also taught at the War Studies Department of the Military Institute from 1986 to 1993.
Malik Mufti is Professor of Political Science at Tufts University, where he teaches courses on international relations as well as the politics of the Middle East. He received his Ph.D. in Government from Harvard University, and is the author of Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq (1996), and Daring and Caution in Turkish Strategic Culture: Republic at Sea (2009). He has also published shorter pieces on the domestic politics, international relations, and political thought of the Near East, the most recent of which dealt with Ibn Khaldun on jihad and statecraft; evolving Islamic conceptions of democracy; Francis Bacon's political and ethical thought from an Islamic perspective; the AK Party's Islamic realist vision; and the democratizing potential of the Arab Spring. He is currently working on a broader research project on realism in Islamic political thought.
Dr. Edward J. Erickson is a Professor of Military History at the Command and Staff College, Marine Corps University in Quantico, Virginia.
Dr. Erickson is a retired regular US Army lieutenant colonel and was commissioned in the field artillery in 1975. He also qualified as a Foreign Area Officer specializing in Turkey. During his career, he served in artillery and general staff assignments in the United States, Europe and the Middle East (including three tours in Turkey). In the Persian Gulf War of 1991, he served in the Third Armored Division as an artillery battalion operations officer, in Sarajevo in 1995 as a special assistant to the NATO Force commander, and in the invasion of Iraq in 2003 with the Fourth Infantry Division as General Odierno’s political advisor. He is the recipient of two Bronze Star medals, the Legion of Merit and numerous other military awards.
After retiring from active duty, Dr. Erickson worked as a school administrator and high school teacher in his hometown of Norwich, New York. He returned to Baghdad, Iraq in 2007 for a year to work as Professor of Political Science at the Ministry of Defense Training and Development College before coming to the Marine Corps University in Quantico in 2009. He has master’s degrees from Colgate University and Saint Lawrence University as well as a Doctorate in History from the University of Leeds in the UK.
Professor Erickson is widely recognized as one of the foremost specialists on the Ottoman Army during the First World War. Among the numerous books and articles he has written are Ordered To Die, A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War; Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913; Ottoman Army Effectiveness in WW1, A Comparative Study; Gallipoli and the Middle East 1914-1918; Gallipoli, The Ottoman Campaign, and Ottomans and Armenians, A Study in Counterinsurgency. He is the co-author, with Dr. Mesut Uyar, of A Military History of the Ottomans, from Osman to Ataturk. Dr. Erickson is a frequent visitor to Turkey and his latest book is Gallipoli, Command under Fire.
Bill Park is Senior Lecturer in the Defence Studies Department, King’s College, London. He is the author of journal articles, book chapters, blog pieces and monographs on a range of Turkish foreign policy issues, including its EU accession prospects, the Cyprus problem, Turkey’s policies towards Northern Iraq, Turkey-US relations, the Fethullah Gulen movement, and the Ergenekon affair. Among his publications are ‘Turkey-KRG relations after the US withdrawal from Iraq: putting the Kurds on the map’, published by the Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, in March 2014 (available online). His book, ‘Modern Turkey: People, State and Foreign Policy in a Globalized World’, was published by Routledge in 2011. He is currently writing a book on Turkey’s regional Kurdish predicaments.
He serves as a trustee, council member and research committee member for the British Institute at Ankara (BIAA), and is an editorial board member for the journal Mediterranean Politics.
He is a frequent visitor to Turkey, has presented at numerous workshops and conferences, and has appeared as a Turkey expert on various UK and overseas media, has given testimony on Turkish issues to the UK Parliament, and is used as a consultant on Turkish issues by various UK government agencies.